sp_helprolemember (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server

Returns information about the direct members of a role in the current database.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


sp_helprolemember [ [ @rolename = ] 'role' ]  


[ @rolename = ] ' role ' Is the name of a role in the current database. role is sysname, with a default of NULL. role must exist in the current database. If role is not specified, then all roles that contain at least one member from the current database are returned.

Return Code Values

0 (success) or 1 (failure)

Result Sets

Column name Data type Description
DbRole sysname Name of the role in the current database.
MemberName sysname Name of a member of DbRole.
MemberSID varbinary(85) Security identifier of MemberName.


If the database contains nested roles, MemberName may be the name of a role. sp_helprolemember does not show membership obtained through nested roles. For example if User1 is a member of Role1, and Role1 is a member of Role2, EXEC sp_helprolemember 'Role2'; will return Role1, but not the members of Role1 (User1 in this example). To return nested memberships, you must execute sp_helprolemember repeatedly for each nested role.

Use sp_helpsrvrolemember to display the members of a fixed server role.

Use IS_ROLEMEMBER (Transact-SQL) to check role membership for a specified user.


Requires membership in the public role.


The following example displays the members of the Sales role.

EXEC sp_helprolemember 'Sales';  

See Also

Security Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)
sp_addrolemember (Transact-SQL)
sp_droprolemember (Transact-SQL)
sp_helprole (Transact-SQL)
sp_helpsrvrolemember (Transact-SQL)
System Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)