sp_dropdistributiondb (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Managed Instance

Drops a distribution database. Drops the physical files used by the database if they are not used by another database. This stored procedure is executed at the Distributor on any database.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


sp_dropdistributiondb [ @database= ] 'database'  


[ @database = ] 'database' Is the database to drop. database is sysname, with no default.

Return Code Values

0 (success) or 1 (failure)


sp_dropdistributiondb is used in all types of replication.

This stored procedure must be executed before dropping the Distributor by executing sp_dropdistributor.

sp_dropdistributiondb also removes a Queue Reader Agent job for the distribution database, if one exists.

To disable distribution, the distribution database must be online. If a database snapshot exists for the distribution database, it must be dropped before disabling distribution. A database snapshot is a read-only offline copy of a database, and is not related to a replication snapshot. For more information, see Database Snapshots (SQL Server).


-- This script uses sqlcmd scripting variables. They are in the form
-- $(MyVariable). For information about how to use scripting variables  
-- on the command line and in SQL Server Management Studio, see the 
-- "Executing Replication Scripts" section in the topic
-- "Programming Replication Using System Stored Procedures".

-- Disable publishing and distribution.
DECLARE @distributionDB AS sysname;
DECLARE @publisher AS sysname;
DECLARE @publicationDB as sysname;
SET @distributionDB = N'distribution';
SET @publisher = $(DistPubServer);
SET @publicationDB = N'AdventureWorks2022';

-- Disable the publication database.
USE [AdventureWorks2022]
EXEC sp_removedbreplication @publicationDB;

-- Remove the registration of the local Publisher at the Distributor.
USE master
EXEC sp_dropdistpublisher @publisher;

-- Delete the distribution database.
EXEC sp_dropdistributiondb @distributionDB;

-- Remove the local server as a Distributor.
EXEC sp_dropdistributor;


Only members of the sysadmin fixed server role can execute sp_dropdistributiondb.

See Also

Disable Publishing and Distribution
sp_adddistributiondb (Transact-SQL)
sp_changedistributiondb (Transact-SQL)
sp_helpdistributiondb (Transact-SQL)
Replication Stored Procedures (Transact-SQL)