sp_check_for_sync_trigger (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Managed Instance

Determines whether a user-defined trigger or stored procedure is being called in the context of a replication trigger that is used for immediate updating subscriptions. This stored procedure is executed at the Publisher on the publication database or at the Subscriber on the subscription database.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


sp_check_for_sync_trigger [ @tabid = ] 'tabid'   
    [ , [ @trigger_op = ] 'trigger_output_parameters' OUTPUT ]  
    [ , [ @fonpublisher = ] fonpublisher ]  


[@tabid = ] 'tabid'
Is the object ID of the table being checked for immediate updating triggers. tabid is int with no default.

[@trigger_op = ] 'trigger_output_parameters' OUTPUT
Specifies if the output parameter is to return the type of trigger it is being called from. trigger_output_parameters is char(10) and can be one of these values.

Value Description
Ins INSERT trigger
Upd UPDATE trigger
Del DELETE trigger
NULL (default)

[ @fonpublisher = ] fonpublisher Specifies the location where the stored procedure is executed. fonpublisher is bit, with a default value of 0. If 0, the execution is at the Subscriber, and if 1, the execution is at the Publisher.

Return Code Values

0 indicates that the stored procedure is not being called within the context of an immediate-updating trigger. 1 indicates that it is being called within the context of an immediate-updating trigger and is the type of trigger being returned in @trigger_op.


sp_check_for_sync_trigger is used in snapshot replication and transactional replication.

sp_check_for_sync_trigger is used to coordinate between replication and user-defined triggers. This stored procedure determines if it is being called within the context of a replication trigger. For example, you can call the procedure sp_check_for_sync_trigger in the body of a user-defined trigger. If sp_check_for_sync_trigger returns 0, the user-defined trigger continues processing. If sp_check_for_sync_trigger returns 1, the user-defined trigger exits. This ensures that the user-defined trigger does not fire when the replication trigger updates the table.


A. Add code to a trigger on a Subscriber table

The following example shows code that could be used in a trigger on a Subscriber table.

DECLARE @retcode int, @trigger_op char(10), @table_id int  
SELECT @table_id = object_id('tablename')  
EXEC @retcode = sp_check_for_sync_trigger @table_id, @trigger_op OUTPUT  
IF @retcode = 1  

B. Add code to a trigger on a Publisher table

The code can also be added to a trigger on a table at the Publisher; the code is similar, but the call to sp_check_for_sync_trigger includes an additional parameter.

DECLARE @retcode int, @trigger_op char(10), @table_id int, @fonpublisher int  
SELECT @table_id = object_id('tablename')  
SELECT @fonpublisher = 1  
EXEC @retcode = sp_check_for_sync_trigger @table_id, @trigger_op OUTPUT, @fonpublisher  
IF @retcode = 1  


sp_check_for_sync_trigger stored procedure can be executed by any user with SELECT permissions in the sys.objects system view.

See Also

Updatable Subscriptions for Transactional Replication