pack command (NuGet CLI)
Applies to: package creation • Supported versions: 2.7+
dotnet pack or
msbuild -t:pack for PackageReference based projects. Starting with NuGet version 6.5+, the pack command will error when attempting to pack these project types. Earlier versions would attempt to pack, but the generated package may not be correct.
Under Mono, creating a package from a project file is not supported. You also need to adjust non-local paths in the
.nuspec file to Unix-style paths, as nuget.exe doesn't convert Windows pathnames itself.
nuget pack <nuspecPath | projectPath> [options] [-Properties ...]
<projectPath> specify the
.nuspec or project file, respectively.
Sets the base path of the files defined in the .nuspec file.
Specifies that the project should be built before building the package.
The NuGet configuration file to apply. If not specified,
~/.config/NuGet/NuGet.Config(Mac/Linux) is used.
Specifies one or more wildcard patterns to exclude when creating a package. To specify more than one pattern, repeat the -Exclude flag. See example below.
Prevents inclusion of empty directories when building the package.
(3.5+) Forces nuget.exe to run using an invariant, English-based culture.
Displays help information for the command.
Indicates that the built package should include referenced projects either as dependencies or as part of the package. If a referenced project has a corresponding
.nuspecfile that has the same name as the project, then that referenced project is added as a dependency. Otherwise, the referenced project is added as part of the package.
Specify if the command should prepare the package output directory to support share as feed.
Set the minClientVersion attribute for the created package. This value will override the value of the existing minClientVersion attribute (if any) in the
(4.0+) Specifies the path of MSBuild to use with the command, taking precedence over
(3.2+) Specifies the version of MSBuild to be used with this command. Supported values are 4, 12, 14, 15.1, 15.3, 15.4, 15.5, 15.6, 15.7, 15.8, 15.9. By default the MSBuild in your path is picked, otherwise it defaults to the highest installed version of MSBuild.
Prevents default exclusion of NuGet package files and files and folders starting with a dot, such as
Suppresses prompts for user input or confirmations.
Specifies that pack should not run package analysis after building the package.
Specifies the folder in which the created package is stored. If no folder is specified, the current folder is used.
Specify if the command should prepare the package output name without the version.
Specifies the packages folder.
Should appear last on the command line after other options. Specifies a list of properties that override values in the project file; see Common MSBuild Project Properties for property names. The Properties argument here is a list of token=value pairs, separated by semicolons, where each occurrence of
.nuspecfile will be replaced with the given value. Values can be strings in quotation marks. Note that for the "Configuration" property, the default is "Debug". To change to a Release configuration, use
-Properties Configuration=Release. In general, Properties should be the same that were used during the corresponding project build, in order to avoid potentially strange behavior.
Specifies the solution directory.
(3.4.4+) Appends a suffix to the internally generated version number, typically used for appending build or other pre-release identifiers. For example, using
-suffix nightlywill create a package with a version number like
1.2.3-nightly. Suffixes must start with a letter to avoid warnings, errors, and potential incompatibilities with different versions of NuGet and the NuGet Package Manager.
When creating a symbols package, allows to choose between the
Specifies that the package contains sources and symbols. When used with a
.nuspecfile, this creates a regular NuGet package file and the corresponding symbols package. By default it creates a legacy symbol package. The new recommended format for symbol packages is .snupkg. See Creating symbol packages (.snupkg).
Specifies that the output files of the project should be placed in the
Specifies the amount of detail displayed in the output:
Overrides the version number from the
Also see Environment variables
Excluding development dependencies
Some NuGet packages are useful as development dependencies, which help you author your own library, but aren't necessarily needed as actual package dependencies.
pack command will ignore
package entries in
packages.config that have the
developmentDependency attribute set to
true. These entries will not be include as a dependencies in the created package.
For example, consider the following
packages.config file in the source project:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <packages> <package id="jQuery" version="1.5.2" /> <package id="netfx-Guard" version="184.108.40.206" developmentDependency="true" /> <package id="microsoft-web-helpers" version="1.15" /> </packages>
For this project, the package created by
nuget pack will have a dependency on
microsoft-web-helpers but not
Suppressing pack warnings
While it is recommended that you resolve all NuGet warnings during your pack operations, in certain situations suppressing them is warranted.
You can achieve that in the following way:
nuget.exe pack package.nuspec -Properties NoWarn=NU5104
nuget pack nuget pack foo.nuspec nuget pack foo.csproj nuget pack foo.csproj -Properties Configuration=Release nuget pack foo.csproj -Build -Symbols -Properties owners=janedoe,xiaop;version="1.0.5" # Create a package from project foo.csproj, using MSBuild version 12 to build the project nuget pack foo.csproj -Build -Symbols -MSBuildVersion 12 -Properties owners=janedoe,xiaop;version="1.0.5" # Create a package from project foo.nuspec and the corresponding symbol package using the new recommended format .snupkg nuget pack foo.nuspec -Symbols -SymbolPackageFormat snupkg nuget pack foo.nuspec -Version 2.1.0 nuget pack foo.nuspec -Version 1.0.0 -MinClientVersion 2.5 nuget pack Package.nuspec -exclude "*.exe" -exclude "*.bat"
pack command for SDK-style projects is not supported, use
dotnet pack or
msbuild -t:pack to pack this those projects instead.