Dev Containers FAQ
This article includes some of the common questions for getting the Dev Containers extension up and running in different environments.
Do "dev container definitions" define how an application is deployed?
No. A development container defines an environment in which you develop your application before you are ready to deploy. While deployment and development containers may resemble one another, you may not want to include tools in a deployment image that you use during development.
The devcontainers/templates repository includes a set of dev container definitions for some common development environments. You can also attach to a running container without setting up a dev container definition, if you prefer to use an alternate container build or deployment workflow.
Do "dev containers definitions" define how an application is built? Like Buildpacks?
No. The Buildpacks concept focuses on taking source code and generating deployable container images through a series of defined steps. A dev container is an environment in which you can develop your application before you are ready to build. They are therefore complementary concepts.
I am seeing errors when trying to mount the local filesystem into a container
Right-click on the Docker task bar item. On Windows, select the Settings menu item then Resources > File Sharing and check the drive(s) where your source code is located. On macOS, select the Preferences menu item then Resources > File Sharing and make sure the folder containing your source code is under a file path specified in the list.
See Docker Desktop for Windows tips for information on workarounds to common Docker for Windows issues.
I'm seeing an error about a missing library or dependency
Some extensions rely on libraries not found in specific Docker images. For example, Visual Studio Live Share requires the installation of system-level dependencies, which are listed in their documentation. The need for these dependencies may depend on the operating system (for example, specific Linux distribution) used by your Docker image. You may need to install these dependencies during the Docker build process, by adding required commands to your Dockerfile. Search the specific extension's documentation to check for dependencies and see Installing additional software for help with resolving the problem.
Can I connect to multiple containers at once?
A VS Code window can only connect to one window currently, but you can open a new window and attach to an already running container or use a common Docker Compose file with multiple
devcontainer.json files to automate the process a bit more.
Can I work with containers on a remote host?
Yes, see the section on opening a folder on a remote SSH host in a container for information.
How can I build or deploy container images into my local Docker / Kubernetes install when working inside a container?
You can build images and deploy containers by forwarding the Docker socket and installing the Docker CLI (and kubectl for Kubernetes) in the container. See the Docker-from-Docker, Docker-from-Docker Compose, and Kubernetes-Helm dev container definitions for details.
What are the connectivity requirements for the VS Code Server when it is running in a container?
Installation of VS Code Server requires that your local machine have outbound HTTPS (port 443) connectivity to:
The Dev Containers extensions will download VS Code Server locally and copy it to the container once connected.
You can install extensions manually without an internet connection using the Extensions: Install from VSIX... command, but if you use the extension panel or
devcontainer.json to install extensions, your local machine and VS Code Server will need outbound HTTPS (port 443) access to:
Finally, some extensions (like C#) download secondary dependencies from
download.visualstudio.microsoft.com. Others (like Visual Studio Live Share) may have additional connectivity requirements. Consult the extension's documentation for details if you run into trouble.
VS Code Server runs on a random port inside the container and VS Code itself uses
docker exec to communicate with it over Docker's configured communication channel.
As an extension author, what do I need to do to make sure my extension works?
The VS Code extension API hides most of the implementation details of running remotely so many extensions will just work inside dev containers without any modification. However, we recommend that you test your extension in a dev container to be sure that all of its functionality works as expected. See the article on Supporting Remote Development for details.
What other resources are there that may be able to answer my question?
The following articles may help answer your question:
- Advanced container configuration or Tips and Tricks
- Dockerfile reference
- Docker Compose file reference
- Docker Desktop for Windows troubleshooting guide and FAQ
- Docker Desktop for Mac troubleshooting guide and FAQ
- Docker Support Resources
Can I use dev containers outside of VS Code?
As containerizing production workloads becomes commonplace, dev containers have become useful for scenarios beyond VS Code. We're creating the Development Container Specification to empower anyone in any tool to configure a consistent development environment. It seeks to find ways to enrich existing formats with common development specific settings, tools, and configurations while still providing a simplified, un-orchestrated single container option – so that they can be used as coding environments or for continuous integration and testing.